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KS2 English Spelling Syllabus

Here we have provided the KS2 English Spelling syllabus along with example questions. You can also try a demo test to get a better understanding of how BOFA works. The syllabus is taken from the UK National Curriculum.

Test Reference Code Code Description Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable Words keeping -e adding -ing Words ending in -e adding -ful    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable Words having lost the -e when adding -ing Words ending in -e adding -less    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable words able to take -ful regular suffix -ful    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable -y words able to lose -y and take -iful -y words - lost the -y and taken -iful    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable Words which usually drop the -e when adding a suffix vowel suffixes - ic vowel suffixes -ary  
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable vowel suffixes -al, -el and -il vowel suffixes - ist vowel suffixes - ive  
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable vowel suffixes -er and -re      
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable vowel suffixes - est consonant suffixes -less    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable verb suffixes -y verb suffixes -y to -ier    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable   verb suffixes -y to -iest    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable   verb suffixes -y to -iness    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable   verb suffixes -y to -ying    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable   verb suffixes -y to -ied    
S39 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words of more than one syllable     Words ending -ism  
S40 The /i/ sound spelt y other than at the end of words   The -y acts as a vowel.    
S41 The /?/ sound spelt ou The -ou sounds like -u      
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix -in  
S42 More prefixes Antonym prefix -non -means 'not'   Antonym prefix -im -means 'not' Antonym prefix -ir-means 'not'
S42 More prefixes Antonym prefix -un -means 'not' or 'opposite of'   Antonym prefix -mis -means 'wrong' Antonym prefix -il -means 'not'
S42 More prefixes Antonym prefix - 're' means 'again'   Antonym prefix -anti -means 'against'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix -de -means 'undo'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix -dis -means 'opposite of'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'bi' means 'two'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'inter' means 'between'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'pre' means 'before'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'sub' means 'under'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'ex' means 'out of'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'contra' means 'against or oppposite'  
S42 More prefixes     Antonym prefix - 'pro' means 'ahead'  
S42 More prefixes Prefix - 'ad' means 'towards' Prefix - 'circ' means ' related to circles' Prefix - 'ab' means 'away from'  
S42 More prefixes Prefix - 'al' means 'all' Prefix - 'tele' means 'at a distance' Prefix - 'auto' means 'self'  
S42 More prefixes Prefix - 'a' means 'in a state of' Prefix - 'trans' means 'change or across' Prefix - 'aqua means 'water'  
S42 More prefixes Prefix - 're means 'repeat' Prefix - 'micro' means 'small' Prefix - 'aero means 'air'  
S42 More prefixes   Prefix - 'prim means 'first' Prefix - 'audi means 'sound'  
S42 More prefixes   Prefix - 'super means 'excellent or beyond.'    
S42 More prefixes   Word derived from voix' means 'voice' Word derived from dictare' means 'to say' Word derived from annus' means 'year'
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from micro' means 'small' Word derived from mort' means 'dead'
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from manus' means 'hand'  
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from octo' means 'eight'  
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from unus' means 'one'  
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from presse' means 'press'  
S42 More prefixes     Word derived from geo' means 'earth' Word derived from insula' means 'island'
S43 The suffix –ation   Words ending in -tion    
S44 The suffix –ly   consonant suffixes -ly verb suffixes -y to -ily  
S44 The suffix –ly   Words ending in -e adding -ly    
S44 The suffix –ly   Words ending in -e adding -fully    
S45 Words with endings sounding like / ?? / or / t?? /   Words ending in /t??/ which is spelt -ure    
S46 Endings which sound like / ??n /   Endings which sound like /??n/    
S47 The suffix –ous     -ous ends  
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian   cian – where words end in c they are usually related to people: common for occupations and identity.    
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian   sion – where the base word ends in d/de or s/se    
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian   ssion – clear soft ‘sh’ sound.    
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian   other sion suffixes ution words are usually longer than three syllables; usion words tend to be shorter.  
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian tion – the most common ending. ation – long a is usually followed by tion. etion – the base word usually contains the vowel, clearly pronounced.  
S48 Endings which sound like / ??n /, spelt –tion, –sion, –ssion, –cian   otion – the base word usually contains the vowel, clearly pronounced. ition – the base word usually contains the vowel, clearly pronounced.  
S49 Words with the /k/ sound spelt ch   Ch sound is K    
S49 Words with the /k/ sound spelt ch Ch words make a sh sound as well as ch sound.      
S51 Words ending with the /g/ sound spelt –gue and the /k/ sound spelt –que   que and gue patterns.    
S52 Words with the /s/ sound spelt sc   sc pronounced s.    
S53 Words with the / e? / sound spelt ei, eigh, or ey multiletter vowel and consonant symbols -'ight' ay sound by eigh, ei or ey    
S54 Endings which sound like / ??s / spelt –cious or –tious     -cious ends  
S54 Endings which sound like / ??s / spelt –cious or –tious     -tious ends  
S54 Endings which sound like / ??s / spelt –cious or –tious     -eous and -ious ends  
S55 Endings which sound like / ??l /   ending -cial    
S55 Endings which sound like / ??l /   ending -tial    
S56 Words ending in –ant, –ance, –ancy, –ent, –ence, –ency   -an words -ent -ence -ency  
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   Words losing the -e when adding -ly    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly Irregular words ending in -ible Irregular root words able to add -ible regular words ending -ible  
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   -e words able to lose the -e and taking -ible    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   -e words losing -e and taking -ible    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   -y words able to lose the -y and taking -iable    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly words able to take -able -y words - lost the -y and taking -iable    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   words taken -able    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   -e words able to lose the -e and taking -able    
S57 Words ending in –able and –ible Words ending in –ably and –ibly   -e words losing -e and taking -able    
S58 Adding suffixes beginning with vowel letters to words ending in –fer   root words ending in-er    
S59 Words with the /i:/ sound spelt ei after c   words containing c followed by -ei    
S60 Words containing the letter-string ough -ough sounds like 'uff' -ough sounds like 'or'    
S60 Words containing the letter-string ough   -ough sounds like 'oh'    
S60 Words containing the letter-string ough   -ough sounds like 'off'    
S60 Words containing the letter-string ough   -ough sounds like 'ow'    
S60 Words containing the letter-string ough   -ough sounds like 'u' in cup    
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) unstressed vowels      
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) Doubled letters      
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) Undoubled letters      
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) tch & st -silent 't" ci -silent 'i'    
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) Words with a soft g or gg ce-silent 'e'    
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) dge -silent 'd" mn -silent n cy-silent 'y'    
S61 Words with ‘silent’ letters (ie letters whose presence cannot be predicted from the pronunciation of the word) New consonant spellings ph, wh and wr      
S62 Homophones and near homophones (years 3 and 4). Homophones and other words that are often confused (years 5 and 6) homophones -"eat" homophones -"ite"    
S62 Homophones and near homophones (years 3 and 4). Homophones and other words that are often confused (years 5 and 6) homophones      
S63 Pluralisation pluralisation with s pluralisation with es    
S63 Pluralisation -y endings pluralisation -Consonant + y words    
S63 Pluralisation pluralisation -Vowel + y words      
S63 Pluralisation -e and -fe endings pluralisation of -e and -fe endings    
S63 Pluralisation Words which end with vowels other than e plurals of words which end with vowels other than e which add -es plurals of words which end with -a, add -e  
S63 Pluralisation plurals of words which end with vowels other than e which add -s plurals of words which end with vowels other than e which add -a    
S63 Pluralisation Words with irregular plurals      
S63 Pluralisation irregular plurals      
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Words containing -oa and -oe multiletter vowel and consonant symbols -'ice'    
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Long sounding vowels      
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Words containing -au and -aw      
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Vowel digraphs and trigraphs ai, ia, oi, oy Words containing -ie   multiletter vowel and consonant symbols -'ou'
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Vowel digraphs and trigraphs ar, ir, or and ur      
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs multiletter vowel and consonant symbols -'ee' multiletter vowel and consonant symbols -'ea'    
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Words containing -ew, -oo, -ue and -ui      
S64 Vowel digraphs and trigraphs Words containing -ou and -ow      
S65 Common Subject words History      
S65 Common Subject words ICT      
S65 Common Subject words Library      
S65 Common Subject words Mathematics      
S65 Common Subject words Music      
S65 Common Subject words PE      
S65 Common Subject words RE      
S65 Common Subject words PSHE      
S65 Common Subject words   Science    
S65 Common Subject words Geography      
S65 Common Subject words English      
S65 Common Subject words Drama      
S65 Common Subject words DT      
S65 Common Subject words Art